Wednesday, November 08, 2006

Analogies 56 - 60


(A) dispassionate:equanimity
(B) macabre:interest
(C) perfidious:loyalty
(D) brilliant:gullibility
(E) lavish:extravagance


(A) credulous:amiable
(B) desiccated:moist
(C) formidable:dark
(D) derelict:neglectful
(E) opaque:milky


(A) immunize:resist
(B) nourish:enrich
(C) heat:burn
(D) graft:multiply
(E) prune:dwarf


(A) sign:affidavit
(B) endure:trial
(C) idolize:celebrity
(D) espouse:idea
(E) devise:plan


(A) victory:competition
(B) sprint:finish
(C) filibuster:speech
(D) novel:author
(E) deposition:question

Answers --

56). Best ans is C -- X lacks Y
Exhorbitant will lack moderation, and perfidious will lack loyalty.

57). Correct - Ans is B -- Something that is described as X cannot be Y. Something that is "articulate" is "clear" and "distinct," whereas something that is "murky" is "unclear" or "vague." To answer this question, look for an answer choice that contains two words that are antonyms.
The adjective "desiccated" is used to describe something that has "dried up from a lack of moisture," which is the opposite of "moist," so answer choice B is correct.
Someone who is "credulous," or "naive" and "easy to deceive," may or may not be "amiable," or "friendly," so answer choice A is incorrect. Answer choices C, D, and E are incorrect because they each contain two words that are similar in meaning.

58). A is the best choice -- X helps to Y.
As fertilize is to help to grow, so immunize is strength to resist.

59). D is the best choice -- People X a Y that is being considered for something if they support it.
People often "endorse," or "give support to," a "candidate" who is being "considered for" something."Espouse" is a synonym of "endorse"; therefore, answer choice D is correct because people will "espouse" an "idea" that they support. To "endorse" can also mean "to sign," but people "sign" an "affidavit" to "swear" that something is true, so answer choice A is incorrect. To "endure" means "to put up with" or "suffer through," not "support," so answer choice B is incorrect. Although people may "idolize" a "celebrity," a "celebrity" is not a person or cause that is being "considered for" something, so answer choice C is incorrect. People may "devise" a "plan," but to "devise" does not mean to "support," so answer choice E is incorrect.

60). Best ans is C -- X is a longer version of a Y.
A "marathon" is a "long-distance race.A "filibuster" is a "lengthy speech," or a longer version of a "speech." A "victory" is a possible outcome of a "competition," but not a longer version of a "competition," so answer choice A is incorrect. Someone may "sprint" to "finish," but "sprint" is not a type of "finish," so answer choice B is incorrect. A "novel" is a "lengthy narrative," but not a type of "author," so answer choice D is incorrect. A "deposition" includes several questions (plural), but is not a lengthy "question," so answer choice E is incorrect.

Friday, November 03, 2006

Some more confusing GRE Words

Few discussed before at - Deceptive GRE Words post

Misapprehension - mistaken belief...... (Apprehension on GRE means feeling of worry or fear, other meaning for apprehension is understanding which is considered when considering the meaning of misapprehension).

Enervate - weaken; cause someone to feel drained of energy.

Deference - humble respect ..... (Defer means to put something off to a later time; OR humbly give in to....the latter verb form is kept in mind for the meaning of it as noun).

Confound - confuse

Fatuous - silly and pointless..... (adj form of noun fatuity which means foolishness)

Reproach - accuse of; express disapproval of or disappointment with.

Exorcise - drive an evil spirit from a person or place.

Cleave - stick fast to; become strongly involved with; divide or split .... (Cleaver on the other hand is a noun which means a tool with broad blade, used for chopping meat).

Invigoration - give strength.

Decried - publicly declare to be wrong.

Probity - honesty and decency.

Plaintive - sounding sad and mournful.

Complacent - uncritically satified with yourself. e.g - We must not be complacent about our achievements; there is still a lot to be done.

Complaisant - ready to please; obliging.; willing to please others or to accept their behaviour without protest.

Commensurate - corresponding or in proportion.

Thursday, October 26, 2006

Analogies 51 - 55


(A). advertise:sell
(B). fumigate:kill
(C). filter:purify
(D). illuminate:see
(E). ignite:burn


(A). breach:fortification
(B). fumble:location
(C). gaffe:decorum
(D). exaggeration:statement
(E). default:loan


(A). blame:censure
(B). control:contain
(C). persuade:convince
(D). thwart:confront
(E). inconvenience:effect


(A). bust:statue

(B). pastiche:painting
(C). narrative:novel
(D). hieroglyphic:papyrus
(E). musket:firearm


(A). conspicuous:attention
(B). nebulous:validation
(C). congruous:appropriation
(D). maudlin:passion
(E). tangible:substance

Answers --

51). Best ans is D -- X enables to Y

The catch is, ENFRANCHISE enables to VOTE but one may choose not to vote. ILLUMINATE means brighten with light which in turn enables us to SEE, but one may choose not to see.
IGNITE - catch fire, or set on fire; provoke or stir up...or IGNITE means already BURNT
Both enfranchise and illuminate are +ve words whereas ignite is a -ve can be ruled out...

52). Best ans C -- X leads to negative Y
Gaffe - an embarrassing blunder.
Decorum - polite and socially acceptable behaviour.

53). Best ans is A -- Y is a greater/harsher degree of X or to Y is to X severely.
Reprimand - a formal expression of disapproval.
Reprove - reprimand; tell off.
Censure - strong disapproval or criticism.
Blame - criticism for doing something badly or wrongly.

54). Best ans is E -- X is an old fashioned Y or X is an old type of Y.

55). Best ans is A -- X calls for Y in others

Analogies 46 - 50


(A). painting:canvas
(B). fresco:paintbrush
(C). blend:beans
(D). narrative:prologue
(E). puzzle:pieces


(A). jump:excitement
(B). scowl:pleasure
(C). snort:laughter
(D). nod:agreement
(E). sob:sorrow


(A). sprawling:compactness
(B). airy:ventilation
(C). verdant:color
(D). ebullient:mockery
(E). wisdom:cleverness

49). BOLT:EAT::

(A). guzzle:swill

(B). career:run
(C). lambaste:talk
(D). waver:stand
(E). fabricate:lie


(A). preamble:statute
(B). drawing:sketch
(C). movement:symphony
(D). index:book
(E). blueprint:building

Answers --

46). Best ans is E -- X is made up of Y
Mosaic picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles;
The pieces of the puzzle fit together i.e the puzzle is made up of pieces.

47). Best ans is D --Shrug is a gesture indicating indifference.
Jump is not a gesture, nor does it always indicate excitement.
Scowl is an expression indicating bad temper, not pleasure.
Snort is a noise indicating rage, not laughter.
Nod is a gesture indicating agreement; this is analogous to the relationship of the original pair.
Sob is not a gesture, but an act of crying, though it does express sorrow and pain.

48). Best ans is A -- X lacks Y or X and Y are antonyms.

49). Best ans is B -- X is to Y with great speed or X is to Y hurriedly.
bolt -- to eat hurridly
career -- to rush (or run) hurridly.

50). Best ans is A -- X is an introduction to Y
prologue is an introductory part of a literary work...novel etc
preamble is an introductory part of a constitution or statute.

Wednesday, October 18, 2006

Analogies 41 - 45


(A). ritual:orthodoxy
(B). leadership:submission
(C). consensus:factionalism
(D). lesson:falsehood
(E). rehabilitation:vacillation


(A). jury:verdict
(B). data:collection
(C). information:decision

(E). sample : population


(A). pugilist:peace
(B). magnate:diplomacy
(C). usher:concert
(D). athlete:contest
(E). broker:trade


(A). exceptional:overlook
(B). impregnable:attack
(C). ostentatious:consume
(D). equivalent:interchange
(E). occluded:reveal


(A). tend:fuss
(B). refine:temper
(C). describe:demean
(D). resemble:portray
(E). contaminate:purge

Answers --

41). D is the best answer -- X keeps a check on Y or X is to remove Y or X is used to curb Y.
LAW is used to curb CRIMINALITY
lesson is used to curb falsehood.
[consensus is achieved when there is no factionalism].

42). Best ans is C -- the process of making Y is based on X.
The process of making judgement is based on law. The process of making decision is based on information.
Jury is supposed to deliver a verdict. However, law itself is not supposed to deliver a judgement. Indeed, law is a defining criterion for making a judgement

43). Best ans is E -- X is a promoter of Y or X is Y
A broker conducts or more vaguely organises trade.

44). Best ans is D -- X and Y are like synonyms or if two things are X they can be Y.
If two things are indistinguishable they can be confused.
If two things are equivalent they can be interchanged.

45). Best ans is A -- To Y is to X excessively.
To ASSERT is to make a statement that something is true or to defend one's statement, and to BELABOUR means to discuss repeatedly or at length over a statement. TEND means to care, and FUSS means to be excessively careful or concerned.
Relationship: Higher Degree (Negative Extent)

Friday, October 13, 2006

Analogies 36 - 40


(A). current:river
(B). electricity:shock
(C). tremor:earthquake
(D). tempo:music
(E). sentence:punishment


(A). warm:inviting
(B). surprise:astonished
(C). hopeless:bereft
(D). magical:sentimental
(E). soft:euphonius


(A). confident:arrogant
(B). courageous:pugnacious
(C). famous:aggressive
(D). rash:foolhardy
(E). quiet:timid


(A). compile:available

(B). restore:new
(C). contribute:charitable
(D). venerate:reverent
(E). qualify:general


(A). servile:domination
(B). provincial:cosmopolitanism
(C). adventurous:timidity
(D). hypochondriacal:infection
(E). placid:deliberation

Answers --

36). Best ans is E -- X is the prescribed form of Y.

A dose is a prescribed form of medicine similarly a sentence is a prescribed form of a punishment .

37). B is the best ans -- X means(indicates) an amount of Y

38). A is the best answer -- X need not be Y.
FRUGALITY' and MISERLY both denote less spending, but this does not means that every frugal person is miser. Similarly a confident person need not be arrogant.
Note -- Frugal is +ve word whereas miserly is a negative word, hence in answer stem.... X must be a +ve word -- Confident and Y must be a -ve word -- Arrogant..

39). E is the best answer -- X is to make something less Y

Mitigate is to make less severe and qualify is to make less general.
All dresses are beautiful. - General statement
All dresses of pink colour are beautiful.- Qualified statement.

Hence qualify in this sense means to make something, e.g a statement, less general.

40). A is the best answer -- somebody X is likely to be subjected to Y or X is prone to Y.

gullible person is prone to chicanery
CHICANERY means "use of tricks to deceive a person" and GULLIBLE means " easily deceived"

a servile person is prone to domination
SERVILE is pertaining to slaves

Thursday, October 12, 2006

Analogies 31 - 35


(A). talk: whisper
(B). travel: ramble
(C). run: walk
(D). calculate: add
(E). eat: gobble


(A). deprivation: materialism
(B). indiscretion: convention
(C). affliction: sympathy
(D). adventure: expedition
(E). drug: medicine


(A). generation : pyre
(B). burial : mortuary
(C). weapon : centurion
(D). massacre : invasion
(E). prediction : augury


(A). atlas : maps
(B). plain : praire
(C). string : beads
(D). novel : short stories
(E). sea : rivers


(A). extensive : duration
(B). arbitrary : courage
(C). impulsive : reflection
(D). distinguished : reverence
(E). expensive : cost

Answers --

31). Best answer is B -- to Y is to X aimlessly.
To doodle is to draw aimlessly and to ramble is to travel aimlessly.

32). Best answer is B -- X is failure to conform to Y

Overdose -- to take too much medication.
Prescription -- what the doctor tells you to take.
Indiscretion -- doing something foolish and embarassing.
Convention -- generally accepted standard of behaviour.

33). The best ans is E -- Y is one of the possible actions to perform X, or more simply, Y is a kind of X.
SACRIFICE ( the act of killing (an animal or person) in order to appease a deity) MAY be (not Necessarliy but could be) used as a part of WORSHIP ( to put more weight or momentum to the act of WORSHIPPING ). AUGURY which means, an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come, MAY BE (not Necessarily but could be) used as a factor of PREDICTION ( to put more weight or momentum to the act of PREDECTING).

34). Best ans is C -- X is a series of Y.
A range is a series of mountains, similarly a string is a series of beads.
35). Best ans is C -- X lacks Y.
Excessive is opposite to moderation, something that is not restrained or moderated. Simailary, impulsive actions lack reflection, done without really thinking much about it....reflection also means a careful thought.

Friday, October 06, 2006

Analogies 26 - 30


(A) iridescent: colorful
(B) perceptible: visible
(C) discordant: harmonious
(D) peoppery: salty
(E) deafening: loud


(A) publish: wisdom
(B) exhibit: inspection
(C) scrutinize: foresight
(D) authorize: approval
(E) declare: observation


(A). invert:logic

(B). substitute:replacement
(C). metamorphose:form
(D). intimate:implication
(E). deduce:reasoning


(A). inebriety : excess
(B). success : ambition
(C). indifference : passion
(D). taste : gusto
(E). smell : sense


(A). into: ultramarine
(B). onto : ultraist
(C). beyond : purple
(D). through : inferior
(E). under: infrared

Answers -

26). OA -- E. One meaning of "glaring" is uncomfortably "bright." A rationale for this analogy could be "Something described as X is so strongly Y as to uncomforable for people to perceive."

(A) is not the answer. "Iridescent" means producing a play of colors and does not imply strenght of color.
(B) is not the answer. To be "visible" is to be "perceptible" in a particular way. No difference in strength is implied.
(C) is not the answer. 'Discordant " and "harmonious" are opposites and so cannot be related to one another in the way described in the rationale. (D) is not the answer. 'Peppery " does not mean strongly "salty"
(E) is answer. Something properly described as "deafening " is so "loud" that it is uncomfortable for people to perceive it.

27). B is the correct answer.Bridge for this analogy is -- To X is to offer (to others) for Y.
To tender -- to offer for acceptance.
e.g - We tender money when we want to purchase something

Though the correct answer is B , I support C, B makes no sense to me.
transmigrate -- to change one state to another
metamorphose -- to change one form to another
substitute -- to change one replacement to a different one or a person or thing that replaces

Therefore do not see any reason for C being wrong and B being correct. Thus answer must be C

E is the right answer .
GRE TIP -- synonyms (or particularly GRE analogy synonyms) must be interchangeable in sentences..

30). The correct answer choice is E. Light of a frequency over what the human eye can see is ultraviolet. Light of a frequency under what the human eye can see is infrared.

Analogies 21 - 25


A). debutant : vague

B). monk : irreverent
C). activist : involved
D). adept : eager
E). musician : extended

22). CHAPTER : BOOK ::

A). alcove : nook
B). paragraph : sentence
C). page : rip
D). epistle : letter
E). room : house


A). valorous : regret
B). turgid : water
C). viscous : sickness
D). rigid : flexibility
E). shiny : flare


A). fee : post
B). bill : check
C). bail : bond
D). subscription : membership
E). fine : interest


A) election: voter
B) anthology: poet
C) cast: actor
D) orchestra: composer
E) convention: speaker

Answers -

21). The correct choice is answer C. A boor is someone who is uneducated. An activist is someone who is involved.

22). The correct choice is answer E. Chapters make up a book. Rooms make up a house.

23). The correct answer choice is D. Someone who is catatonic shows no emotions. Someone who is rigid lacks flexibility.

24). The correct answer choice is C. A stipend is tuition that one person pays for another. A bond is bail that one person pays for another.

25). OA -- C .A "choir" is a group of people that is composed of more than one "singer" Therefore and a rationale for this analogy might be "X (a choir) is a group of people that is composed of more than one Y (singer)."
(A) is not the answer. More than one "voter" participates in an election and but the "election" is not itself a group of people.

(B) is not the answer. An "anthology" is composed of works, not of persons. The "poet" or poets author the works.
(C) is the answer. The "cast" (of a play) is a group of people that is made up of more than one "actor."
(D) is not the answer. An "orchestra" is a group of people that is composed of more than one musician.It is not a group of composers.
(E) is not the answer. A "convention" may have more than one "speaker," but it is not necessarily made up of speakers.

Tuesday, October 03, 2006

Analogies 16 - 20


A). ineptitude : accountant
B). oratory : engineer
C). maverick : scientist
D). deduction : detective
E). solidarity : warrior


A). spectacular : legitimate
B). mundane : commonplace
C). magical : impressive
D). steep : shallow
E). lively : inactive


A). taxable : pay

B). attainable : commute
C). reparable : fix
D). inedible : eat
E). laughable : joke


A). magnanimous : generous
B). articulate : critical
C). petty : deceptive
D). diligent : precise
E). provocative : appealing


A). disconcerting : unsettling
B). ephemeral : fleeting
C). malevolent : kind
D). loquacious : talkative
E). obdurate : stubborn

Answers -

16). The correct answer choice is D. Rhetoric is a skill used by a lawyer. Deduction is a skill used by a detective.

17). The correct answer choice is B. Something vague is nebulous. Something mundane is commonplace.

18). The correct choice is answer C. Something that is potable is something one can drink, just as something that is reparable is something one can fix.

19). The best answer is A. The adjective "capricious" can be used to describe someone who is "impulsive." A general sentence that can be used to describe the analogy is: A "____" person is very "____." To find the answer to this question, look for an answer choice that contains two words that are synonyms. A "magnanimous" person is, by definition, "generous" (for example, with money, gifts, and so on). Although someone who is "articulate" could also be "critical," the words are not synonyms, so answer choice B is incorrect. Likewise, even though someone who is "petty" could also be "deceptive," a "petty" person is not always "deceptive," so answer choice C is incorrect. A "diligent" person is characterized by "carefulness" and "determination," but not necessarily "precision," so answer choice D is incorrect. A "provocative" person could be "appealing," but "provocative" means "tending to provoke or excite," and is not a synonym of "appealing," .

20). The best answer is C. "Utilitarian" is an adjective that is used to describe something that is "useful" and "practical." Conversely, the adjective "quixotic" means "idealistic" or "impractical." A general sentence that can be used to describe the analogy is: Something that is appropriately described as "____" cannot be "____." To answer this question, determine which of the answer choices contains two words that are antonyms. Something that is "malevolent" would never be described as "kind" because the two words are opposite in meaning; therefore, answer choice C is correct.

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

Analogies 11 - 15


(A) slippery: Adhere

(B) coarse: Polish
(C) sharp: Hone
(D) shallow: Overflow
(E) savory: Taste


A) defer: ignorance
B) renounce: mistrust
C) encroach: jealousy
D) demur: objection
E) reject: disappointment


A) perch: eagle
B) bask: lizard
C) waddle: duck
D) circle: hawk
E) croak: frog


A) curious: knowledge
B) lucid: sight
C) torpid: motion
D) ephemeral: touch
E) piqant: taste


A) prophet: rule
B) profiteer: consume
C) profligate: demand
D) prodigal: squander
E) prodigy: wonder

Answer -

11). A is the best choice - something X will not Y

12). D is the right choice -- To "countenance" can mean to approve or make a show of "toleration." To "demur" means to express or to show an "objection." -- "To X is to show Y."
(A) -- incorrect - To "defer" does not clearly mean to express "ignorance." To "defer" could show "ignorance" in certain contexts and but there is not enough information in the analogy to allow this conclusion.

(B) -- incorrect - To "renounce" could indicate "mistrust," "Mistrust" is not an essential element in the definition of renunciation.
(C) -- incorrect - To "encroach" could be said to cause "jealousy," not to show it.
(E) -- incorrect - To "reject" could be a way of showing "disappointment," Rejection is not an essential element in the definition of "disappintment."

13). C is the correct answer - In order to go forward and a "snake" will "slither," -- "In order to go forward animal Y will X." or "To X is a characteristic way for animal Y to move forward." In order to go forward and a "duck" will "waddle." To "waddle" is a characteristic way for a "duck" to go forward.
A) -- incorrect - An "eagle" may "perch," but to "perch" does not imply forward movement.
B) -- incorrect - A "lizard" may "bask", but to "bask" does not imply forward movement.
D) -- incorrect - "Circle" describes the path of forward motion and not the characteristic physical motion by which the "hawk" moves forward. E) -- incorrect - A "frog" "croaks," but to "croak" is not a way of moving forward.

14). E is the right answer - Something "redolent" stimulates the sense of "smell." -- "Something described as X stimulates sense Y." Something described as "piquant" stimulates the sense of "taste."
A) -- incorrect - Something "curious" might stimulate one to acquire "knowledge," but "knowledge" itself cannot be stimulated.
B) -- incorrect - "Lucid" means intelligible, clear and or understandable and Something "lucid" does not necessarily stimulate one's sense of "sight"
C) -- incorrect - "Torpid" means having lost "motion"
D) -- incorrect - Something "ephemeral" lasts for only a short time. No conclusion can be drawn about its ability to stimulate the sense of "touch."

15). D is the best choice -- A "proctor" is by definition one who "supervises" -- "X is one who, by definition, Ys and that is supervise (s)." "prodigal," one who is recklessly extravagant, "squander (s)" or spends wastefully.
A) -- incorrect - A "prophet" does not by definition "rule."

B) -- incorrect - A "profiteer" may "consume," but to "consme" is not a part of the definition of a "profiteer"
C) -- incorrect - A "profligate" (one who is wildly extravagant) is likely to "demand," but demanding is not a defining characteristic of a "profligate"
E) -- incorrect - A "prodigy" may cause wonder and but to "wonder" is not a defining characteristic of a "prodigy."

Analogies 1 - 10

GRE analogies -- Tips


A). fork : metal

B). tree : wood
C). glass : silica
D). candle : wax
E). pottery : clay


A). loom:weave
B). soap:wash
C). bed:sleep
D). bait:fish
E): match:fire


A). store : secrete
B). close : occlude
C). speak : harangue
D). intervene : interfere
E). cover : eclipse


A). lid : pan
B). veil : face
C). tarpaulin : car
D). hair : head
E). satchel : book


A). mature:juvenile
B). trite:morbid
C). withdrawn: reserved
D). evasive: elusive
E). derivative: traditional


A). prison:escape
B). tunnel:dig
C). criminal:corner
D). fright:allay
E). trap:spring


A). turret:chimney
B). dome:roof
C). column:entrance
D). foyer:ballroom
E). foundation:building


A). tart: pungency
B). tacit: solitude
C). despicable: contempt
D). engrossing: obliviousness
E). venerable: renown


A). revolution: democracy
B). duel: formality
C). feud: impartiality
D). bout: sparring
E). crusade: remoteness

10). PLUCK: QUIT::

A). verve:flinch

B). gall:skimp
C). pride:grovel
D). charm:smile
E). poise:waver

Answers -

1). D is the right answer -- X is primarily composed of Y and in process of using X , Y gets used up. -- "A tire/candle is primarily composed of rubber/wax, and in the process of using a tire/candle, the rubber/wax gets used up."

2). A is the best answer -- Y is the function of X - results in some creation.
Needle knits
Loom weaves.

3). A is the correct answer. Bridge -- Y is the secret form of X.
To secrete is to store secretly
To abscond is to depart secretly.

4). B is the right choice -- Curtain is used to cover the stage as veil is used to cover the face.

5). A is the correct answer -- bridge is "x lacks y"

6). E is the right answer -- an alarm is triggered; a trap is sprung.

7). B is the correct choice -- X is a kind of Y.
ALCOVE is a kind of RECESS and DOME is a kind of ROOF

8). C is the best answer -- X invokes feeling of Y in someone
a redoutable(formidable,causing fear) thing fills u with awe;
a despicable statement fills u with contempt.

9). B is the correct answer -- Y is the defining or characterising noun that describes X
Skirmish is a fight of insignificance (as quality)
Duel is a fight of formality (of quality)

10). C is the right choice -- X is an intention/feeling toward something positive which lacks Y.
Pluck - noun - means "courageous intention/feeling to fight against odds", that excludes the possibility to quit.

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Tuesday, August 29, 2006

Word power -3 -- root : biblio

Root word biblio means book

e.g - bibliography, bibliophile

Bibliography - list of books or articles about a particular subject or by a particular author.

There is a usual bibliography at the end of each chapter.

Bibliophile - A person who loves or collect books.

Sunday, August 20, 2006

Suffixes - 2 with meanings

Suffix - Meaning - example

1). er, or - one who; person or thing that does something; or - condition, activity

e.g - In Porter PORT is a root word which means to carry and ER is the suffix meaning one who, thus porter means a person who carries things.

Error means condition of being wrong.

2). oid - like or resembling.

e.g - Humanoid means having human characteristics or form.

Note - Nouns ending in -oid form adjectives by adding the suffix -al e.g spheroid, spheroidal.

3). ose - possessing; having the characteristics of; full of.

e.g - Verbose means using or containing too many words.

4). ism - the act, state, or theory of, belief

e.g - Fascism means a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)

5). fic - doing, making, producing, or causing (the thing specified in the initial element)

e.g - Horrific means causing horror.

Word power -2 -- root : ag, act

Latin root ag, act means to do, perform actions, drive.

e.g - agenda, agile, enact, agent.

Agenda - listof things to be done, to be discussed or decided upon.

The agenda for the meeting is as follows....

Agile - active, able to move quickly and easily.

as agile as a monkey

Enact - perform (a part, play etc) on, make or pass (a decree)

Drama enacted by children
Recently a new bill was enacted by the Parliament.

Agent - a person who acts for or manages the affairs of, other people in business, politics etc.

a travel agent

Friday, August 18, 2006

Suffixes - 1 with meanings

Suffix - Meaning - example

1). id - with a particular quality

e.g - In acrid ACR means sharp ID means quality in smells and tastes thus refers to a particular quality.

2). able, ible - capable of

e.g - In credible root word CRED means trust, believe and suffix IBLE means capable of , thus credible means that can be believed.

3). acy - state of

e.g - celibacy means (state of) living unmarried.

4). ant - full of

e.g - luxuriant means growing thickly and strongly for instance luxuriant tropical vegetation

5). ate - to make

e.g - legitimate means to make legal

Thursday, August 17, 2006

Few deceptive GRE Words

Words that are often thrown on the GRE to fool the test-takers as they do not resemble their meanings. e.g

Restive -- on edge (for example you would think of “rest/resting” but instead its not, that is deceptive vocabulary)

Protean -- variable

Noisome -- foul smelling

Prolix -- rambling & wordy

Tortuous -- full of plot twists

Obviate -- to make unnecessary

Ponderous -- bogged down, tedious

Equivocate -- to use ambiguous language with deceptive intent

The above is from the link below
7 must know deceptive words for GRE

Wednesday, August 16, 2006

Word power -1 -- root : ac, acr, acu

Latin root ac, acr, acu means keen, sharp, unpleasantly bitter

e.g - acrid, acrimony, acuity, acute, acerbic, acumen, acupuncture.

Acrid - having sharp quality in smells and taste; bitter or burning to the senses; bitter in temper or manner

An acrid dispute
Acrid fumes from burning rubber

Acrimony - sharpness of speech or temper; bitterness of manner or words

The dispute was settled without acrimony

Acuity - sharpness of mind, thought, vision or hearing; quick in understanding

The teacher has great mental acuity

Acumen - sharpness of mind; intelligence; ability to take good decisions; shrewdness.

Display great political acumen

Acid - sharp; sour

Vinegar has an acid taste.

Acerbic - sharp and harsh

An acerbic remark

Online link to Root Words Suffix Prefix

Thursday, August 03, 2006

Good GRE Links !

GRE sample questions

Practice Exercises GRE

Roots Download Link

Online vocabulary testing link

word flash online

Download link for strenghtening your vocabulary

download wordhacker

Link below is maintained by princeton

GRE Princeton

Another good GRE Link

GRE Downloads

Vocabulary building at

Studying vocabulary with VerbaLearn

Monday, July 24, 2006

Antonyms 1, 2, 3, 4


(A) Tranquil.
(B) Skeptical.
(C) Morose.
(D) Taciturn.
(E) Witty.


(A) Intensify.
(B) Excuse.
(C) Express joy.
(D) Feel sure.
(E) Rush forward.


(A) Casual.
(B) Public.
(C) Satisfactory.
(D) Trustworthy.
(E) Sophisticated


(A) Submerge.
(B) Supersede.
(C) Overhaul.
(D) Undergird.
(E) Intersperse.

Answers -

1). Correct option is D . Loquacious means talkative.

Tranquil - means calm and peaceful, referring to the lack of noise. Noisy is not the same as talkative.

Skeptical - means doubtful. Believing something to be true or not doubting is not the same as talkative.

Morose - means peevish, moody and ill humored. To be cheerful is not the same as talkative.

Taciturn - means disinclined to speak. or inclined to silence. This is the exact opposite of loquacious.

Intersperse - means witty or clever

2). Correct ans is C . To repine is to feel or express discontent or dejection, or to long for something.

Intensify - decrease in intensity is not the same as repine.

Not to excuse, forgive and to take exception to is not the repine

Expressing joy encompasses the entire connotation of the word repine as an antonym.

Feeling sure itself is the opposite of feeling unsure, is not the same as complaining or being in a dreadful, regretful state.

The opposite of to rush forward is to move slowly forward or rush backward. These are not the same as repine.

3). The correct ans is A . Inveterate means firmly established by persistence, or confirmed in a habit.

Public - private is not inveterate.

Satisfactory - unsatisfactory is not inveterate or habitual.

Casual indicates an attitude that is neither deep seated nor a compulsive characteristic, for example: a casual playing of cards. It is not an obsession or a regular habit that is suggested by its opposite 'inveterate'.

Trustworthy - untrustworthy is not habitual, unchanging, etc.

Sophisticated - unsophisticated is not habitual.

4). Correct answer is D. Undermine means weaken, decrease the strength, to injure or destroy by secret means suddenly.

Submerge is to immerse completely in underwater. Removing out of water is not undermining.

Supersede means take the place of, replace, take precedence over, thereby nullifying the other. Not replacing is not the same as undermining.

Overhaul means to repair or restore to serviceable condition. Overhauling means bring back to a workable stage. It also means to overtake. Not overtaking is not the same as undermining.

Undergird means providing foundational support, securing strong base, strengthening, supporting, is the opposite of 'undermine'.

To intersperse means to scatter here and there, is not the equivalent of undermine.

Thursday, July 20, 2006

Tips for Antonyms

GRE verbal section generally includes 9 questions on Antonyms

1) Try to define the stem word.


a) tempestuous ---- Related Word: temper
b) perturbation ---- Related Word: perturbed
c) severance ---- Related Word: sever

2) Put the word in context. When we speak, we use words in phrases in sentences, rather than in isolation. Yet words that we understand fully in sentences may appear unfamiliar when we view them in isolation. When you see a word on the GRE, put it in context to better understand its meaning.


a) savant -- "idiot savant" -- means genious
b) gratuitous -- "gratuitous violence" -- means unnecessary
c) requiem -- "requiem for a heavyweight" -- means rest

3) Test the word for positive or negative connotations.

a) Any word that starts with "de-", "dis-" or "anti-" is usually negative. This includes degradation, discrepancy, debase, antipathy

b) Words that include the concept of going up are usually positive, while those that include the concept of going down are usually negative.

Positive -- elevate, ascend, adulation, illustrious
Negative -- decline, suborn, derision, consecrate

4) Words that look similar, but have different meanings.

-- ambulance/ambulatory , suffer/suffrage, friend/fiend, platitude/gratitude, inspired/insipid, vicious/viscous, noble/ignoble

5) Don't overlook rare meanings of words, as they are commonly used on the GRE. The parts of speech in an antonym problem will be consistent throughout the problem. If the given word is a verb, all of the answer choices will also be verbs. This helps you to quickly determine if the word is being used in a secondary sense, as common words have differnet meanings if they are used as verbs, nouns or adjectives.

Words that are commonly used as both nouns and verbs:

curb -- document -- table -- harbor -- rent -- steep -- flower --bolt -- champion -- air -- bustle

6) Try to define the opposite and predict an answer for the given word. Whenever possible, you should have an idea of what you're looking for before you check the answer choices. Consciously predicting an answer will reduce the chances that you'll select a choice that's a synonym of the stem word, rather than an antonym.

7) Find the answer choice that best matches your prediction. Check all the choices for the best fit. If necessary, consider alternative definitions for the stem word.

8) Use guessing strategies, if necessary.

a) Eliminate answer choices that have no clear opposite.

b) If two (or more) choices have the same meaning, eliminate both.

c) Use the "sense" of a word to eliminate probable wrong answers: if the stem is positive, the correct answer will be negative, and vice versa.



(A) ad hoc
(B) perdition
(C) woe
(D) trepidation
(E) apathy

Ans - 1). D is correct. Mettle means character or courage. The opposite is trepidation, which means fear.


(A) distend
(B) assail
(C) unfetter
(D) enfeeble
(E) prove

Ans - 2). A is correct. Abridge means to shorten. The opposite is distend, which means to swell or protrude.


(A) delusion
(B) fascism
(C) remorse
(D) cynicism
(E) indifference

Ans - 3). E is correct. Fanaticism means overenthusiastic. The opposite is indifferent.


(A) simplicity
(B) apprehension
(C) frailty
(D) maverick
(E) tenacity

Ans - 4). E is correct. Mutability means changing. Tenacity is the opposite.


(A) surrepitious
(B) tractable
(C) jaded
(D) ionoclast
(E) garish

Ans - 5. B is correct. Inexorable means rigid or uncompromising. The opposite is tractable, or yielding.


(A) urbane
(B) travail
(C) sentient
(D) prevaricate
(E) maladroit

Ans - 6). A is correct. Uncouth means crude. The opposite is urbane, or sophisticated.


(A) turgid
(B) listen
(C) resurgent
(D) rapacity
(E) vilify

Ans - 7). B is correct. Vociferate means to shout. The opposite is to listen or be silent.


(A) account for
(B) gather up
(C) apply to
(D) concentrate on
(E) take apart

Ans - 8). B is correct. Disperse means to scatter. The opposite is to gather up.


(A) detest
(B) disrespect
(C) renew
(D) uncover
(E) deserve

Ans - 9). B is correct. Venerate is to treat with respect. The opposite is disrespect


(A) visible
(B) subtle
(C) active
(D) intelligent
(E) mindful

Ans - 10). B is correct. Oblivious means unaware. The opposite is mindful.

Click on link below to view more examples

Antonyms with explanations

Wednesday, June 07, 2006

GRE -- Tips for Analogies


A). SYNONYMS - Synonyms are words that have similar meanings. True synonyms are from the same part of speech.

However, we will also classify as synonyms words which have similar meaning but come from different parts of speech,
for example: UNRULY (adjective) : LAWLESSNESS (noun).

(A) ardent : quickness
(B) warm : temperature
(C) wealthy : scarcity
(D) rapacious : magnanimity
(E) churlish : enmity

PERSPICACIOUS and INSIGHT are synonyms, both mean "sharp, keen of mind." Similarly, CHURLISH and ENMITY are synonyms; both mean "dislike, rudeness." The answer is (E).

B). ANTONYMS - Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. Just as there are few (if any) exact synonyms, there are few (if any) exact antonyms.

In the antonym pair EGOIST : ALTRUISM, an EGOIST is one who thinks only of himself, whereas ALTRUISM is characteristic of one who thinks of all humanity.

Often, however, the antonym pair are direct opposites as in the pair REMAIN : DEPART.

(A) naive : harmony
(B) incomparable : equal
(C) improper : vacillation
(D) eccentric : intensity
(E) random : recidivism

UNPRECEDENTED means "without PREVIOUS OCCURRENCE." Similarly, INCOMPARABLE means "without EQUAL." The answer is (B).

Note: In the other answer-pairs there is no clear relationship between the words. Hence, this problem can also be solved by elimination, without even knowing the meanings of the original pair.

C). MEMBER AND CLASS - Member and class analogies are usually easy problems (the first third of an analogy section). In this type of analogy, the first word may be an element of the class that the second word describes, or vice versa. This category can also be classified as "Type Of."

(A) dolphin : fish
(B) eagle : talon
(C) boa constrictor : backbone
(D) penguin : bird
(E) bat : insect

A SNAKE is a type of INVERTEBRATE; likewise a PENGUIN is a type of BIRD. The answer is (D).
Beware of choice (C). It's an eye-catcher. Although a BOA CONSTRICTOR is a SNAKE, it, like all snakes, does not have a BACKBONE.

D). DEGREE OF INTENSITY - The writers of the GRE consider these problems to be hard. However, once you get used to them, they can become routine. In a degree-of-intensity analogy, the two words express a similar concept, but one word is stronger, harsher, or more intense than the other.

(A) faith : caprice
(B) nonchalance : insouciance
(C) diligence : assiduity
(D) decimation : annihilation
(E) alacrity: procrastination

OBSESSION is extreme, unending INTEREST. Similarly, ANNIHILATION is complete DECIMATION. The answer is (D).

Note, DECIMATION does not mean complete destruction; it literally means the destruction of one tenth of a population. By extension, it means widespread, but not complete, destruction.

Note, the degree of intensity in the answer-pair must be the same as in the original pair. In the pair INTEREST : OBSESSION the degree of intensity is from moderate to extreme; the same is true of the pair DECIMATION: ANNIHILATION .

E). PART TO WHOLE - In this type of analogy, the first word is part of the second word. The order can also be whole to part.

Example: ACTORS : TROUPE ::
(A) plotters : cabal
(B) professors : tenure
(C) workers : bourgeoisie
(D) diplomats : government
(E) directors : cast

A TROUPE is a group of ACTORS. Similarly, a CABAL is a group of PLOTTERS. The answer is (A).

Be wary of the pair DIRECTORS : CAST it's an eye-catcher: CAST reminds one of TROUPE. In fact, a TROUPE is a CAST.

F). DEFINITION - This is probably the most common type of analogy problem. In a definitional analogy one of the words can be used to define the other.


(A) mountain : avalanche
(B) book : paper
(C) vault : trifles
(D) sanctuary : refuge
(E) sea : waves

By definition, a coffer is a container in which to store valuables. Similarly, a SANCTUARY is by definition a place of REFUGE. The answer is (D).

Sometimes the definition is only partial: stating only one of the characteristics of the word.

Example: LION : CARNIVORE ::
(A) man : vegetarian
(B) ape : ponderer
(C) lizard : mammal
(D) buffalo : omnivore
(E) shark : scavenger

A defining characteristic of a LION is that it is CARNIVOROUS, meat-eating. Similarly, a defining characteristic of a SHARK is that it is a SCAVENGER. The answer is (E).

G). LACK OF - This sub-category of the definition type of analogy is important and common enough to warrant a name. In this type of analogy one word describes the absence of the other word.

(A) enervated : ennui
(B) buoyant : effervescence
(C) amoral : ethics
(D) munificent : altruism
(E) nefarious : turpitude

DISHEARTENED means without HOPE. Likewise, AMORAL means without ETHICS. The answer is (C). Note, AMORAL does not mean immoral. If you commit an AMORAL act, you are not aware that you actions are unethical; whereas if you commit an immoral act, then you realize that your actions are wrong.

H). MANNER - This type of analogy describes the manner, way, or style by which an action is accomplished.

Example: PRATTLE : SPEAK ::
(A) accept : reject
(B) stomp : patter
(C) heed : listen
(D) promenade : walk
(E) ejaculate : shout

PRATTLE means to SPEAK in an idle, casual manner. Similarly, PROMENADE means to WALK in a casual manner. The answer is (D).

Note, the pair EJACULATE : SHOUT is an eye-catcher since both words describe a manner of speaking.

I). FUNCTION - This type of analogy describes the purpose or function of something.

(A) demonstration : manifestation
(B) pacemaker : heartbeat
(C) sanction : recall
(D) rhetoric : treatise
(E) impasse : fruition

A MNEMONIC functions to aid MEMORY. Similarly, a PACEMAKER aids in the regulation of one's HEARTBEAT. The answer is (B).

J). ACTION & SIGNIFICANCE In this type of analogy one word describes an action and the other word indicates the significance of the action.

(A) assume : disguise
(B) bestir : deferment
(C) fret : contentment
(D) forgo : diversion
(E) fidget : uneasiness

A CURTSY (bow) is a sign of REVERENCE. Similarly, FIDGETING is a sign of UNEASINESS The answer is (E).

K). PERTAINING TO - In this type of analogy, one word refers to the category or class the other word belongs to. An example will illustrate.

Example: DIDACTIC : TEACH ::

(A) specious : revile
(B) cunning : steal
(C) forensic : debate
(D) troubled : broach
(E) puissant : injure

DIDACTIC refers to the teaching process. Similarly, FORENSIC refers to the debating process. The answer is (C).

L). SYMBOL & REPRESENTATION - In this type of analogy, one word stands for or represents a concept, action, or thing. An example will illustrate.

Example: CARET : INSERT::
(A) colon : sever

(B) pie : exponentiate
(C) gun : lance
(D) period : stop
(E) scalpel : delete

A CARET (^) is an editing symbol that indicates where a word should be INSERTED. Similarly, a PERIOD is a grammatical symbol indicating a STOP. The answer is (D).

Link to GRE Analogies questions --