Thursday, October 26, 2006

Analogies 51 - 55


(A). advertise:sell
(B). fumigate:kill
(C). filter:purify
(D). illuminate:see
(E). ignite:burn


(A). breach:fortification
(B). fumble:location
(C). gaffe:decorum
(D). exaggeration:statement
(E). default:loan


(A). blame:censure
(B). control:contain
(C). persuade:convince
(D). thwart:confront
(E). inconvenience:effect


(A). bust:statue

(B). pastiche:painting
(C). narrative:novel
(D). hieroglyphic:papyrus
(E). musket:firearm


(A). conspicuous:attention
(B). nebulous:validation
(C). congruous:appropriation
(D). maudlin:passion
(E). tangible:substance

Answers --

51). Best ans is D -- X enables to Y

The catch is, ENFRANCHISE enables to VOTE but one may choose not to vote. ILLUMINATE means brighten with light which in turn enables us to SEE, but one may choose not to see.
IGNITE - catch fire, or set on fire; provoke or stir up...or IGNITE means already BURNT
Both enfranchise and illuminate are +ve words whereas ignite is a -ve can be ruled out...

52). Best ans C -- X leads to negative Y
Gaffe - an embarrassing blunder.
Decorum - polite and socially acceptable behaviour.

53). Best ans is A -- Y is a greater/harsher degree of X or to Y is to X severely.
Reprimand - a formal expression of disapproval.
Reprove - reprimand; tell off.
Censure - strong disapproval or criticism.
Blame - criticism for doing something badly or wrongly.

54). Best ans is E -- X is an old fashioned Y or X is an old type of Y.

55). Best ans is A -- X calls for Y in others

Analogies 46 - 50


(A). painting:canvas
(B). fresco:paintbrush
(C). blend:beans
(D). narrative:prologue
(E). puzzle:pieces


(A). jump:excitement
(B). scowl:pleasure
(C). snort:laughter
(D). nod:agreement
(E). sob:sorrow


(A). sprawling:compactness
(B). airy:ventilation
(C). verdant:color
(D). ebullient:mockery
(E). wisdom:cleverness

49). BOLT:EAT::

(A). guzzle:swill

(B). career:run
(C). lambaste:talk
(D). waver:stand
(E). fabricate:lie


(A). preamble:statute
(B). drawing:sketch
(C). movement:symphony
(D). index:book
(E). blueprint:building

Answers --

46). Best ans is E -- X is made up of Y
Mosaic picture made of small colorful inlaid tiles;
The pieces of the puzzle fit together i.e the puzzle is made up of pieces.

47). Best ans is D --Shrug is a gesture indicating indifference.
Jump is not a gesture, nor does it always indicate excitement.
Scowl is an expression indicating bad temper, not pleasure.
Snort is a noise indicating rage, not laughter.
Nod is a gesture indicating agreement; this is analogous to the relationship of the original pair.
Sob is not a gesture, but an act of crying, though it does express sorrow and pain.

48). Best ans is A -- X lacks Y or X and Y are antonyms.

49). Best ans is B -- X is to Y with great speed or X is to Y hurriedly.
bolt -- to eat hurridly
career -- to rush (or run) hurridly.

50). Best ans is A -- X is an introduction to Y
prologue is an introductory part of a literary work...novel etc
preamble is an introductory part of a constitution or statute.

Wednesday, October 18, 2006

Analogies 41 - 45


(A). ritual:orthodoxy
(B). leadership:submission
(C). consensus:factionalism
(D). lesson:falsehood
(E). rehabilitation:vacillation


(A). jury:verdict
(B). data:collection
(C). information:decision

(E). sample : population


(A). pugilist:peace
(B). magnate:diplomacy
(C). usher:concert
(D). athlete:contest
(E). broker:trade


(A). exceptional:overlook
(B). impregnable:attack
(C). ostentatious:consume
(D). equivalent:interchange
(E). occluded:reveal


(A). tend:fuss
(B). refine:temper
(C). describe:demean
(D). resemble:portray
(E). contaminate:purge

Answers --

41). D is the best answer -- X keeps a check on Y or X is to remove Y or X is used to curb Y.
LAW is used to curb CRIMINALITY
lesson is used to curb falsehood.
[consensus is achieved when there is no factionalism].

42). Best ans is C -- the process of making Y is based on X.
The process of making judgement is based on law. The process of making decision is based on information.
Jury is supposed to deliver a verdict. However, law itself is not supposed to deliver a judgement. Indeed, law is a defining criterion for making a judgement

43). Best ans is E -- X is a promoter of Y or X is Y
A broker conducts or more vaguely organises trade.

44). Best ans is D -- X and Y are like synonyms or if two things are X they can be Y.
If two things are indistinguishable they can be confused.
If two things are equivalent they can be interchanged.

45). Best ans is A -- To Y is to X excessively.
To ASSERT is to make a statement that something is true or to defend one's statement, and to BELABOUR means to discuss repeatedly or at length over a statement. TEND means to care, and FUSS means to be excessively careful or concerned.
Relationship: Higher Degree (Negative Extent)

Friday, October 13, 2006

Analogies 36 - 40


(A). current:river
(B). electricity:shock
(C). tremor:earthquake
(D). tempo:music
(E). sentence:punishment


(A). warm:inviting
(B). surprise:astonished
(C). hopeless:bereft
(D). magical:sentimental
(E). soft:euphonius


(A). confident:arrogant
(B). courageous:pugnacious
(C). famous:aggressive
(D). rash:foolhardy
(E). quiet:timid


(A). compile:available

(B). restore:new
(C). contribute:charitable
(D). venerate:reverent
(E). qualify:general


(A). servile:domination
(B). provincial:cosmopolitanism
(C). adventurous:timidity
(D). hypochondriacal:infection
(E). placid:deliberation

Answers --

36). Best ans is E -- X is the prescribed form of Y.

A dose is a prescribed form of medicine similarly a sentence is a prescribed form of a punishment .

37). B is the best ans -- X means(indicates) an amount of Y

38). A is the best answer -- X need not be Y.
FRUGALITY' and MISERLY both denote less spending, but this does not means that every frugal person is miser. Similarly a confident person need not be arrogant.
Note -- Frugal is +ve word whereas miserly is a negative word, hence in answer stem.... X must be a +ve word -- Confident and Y must be a -ve word -- Arrogant..

39). E is the best answer -- X is to make something less Y

Mitigate is to make less severe and qualify is to make less general.
All dresses are beautiful. - General statement
All dresses of pink colour are beautiful.- Qualified statement.

Hence qualify in this sense means to make something, e.g a statement, less general.

40). A is the best answer -- somebody X is likely to be subjected to Y or X is prone to Y.

gullible person is prone to chicanery
CHICANERY means "use of tricks to deceive a person" and GULLIBLE means " easily deceived"

a servile person is prone to domination
SERVILE is pertaining to slaves

Thursday, October 12, 2006

Analogies 31 - 35


(A). talk: whisper
(B). travel: ramble
(C). run: walk
(D). calculate: add
(E). eat: gobble


(A). deprivation: materialism
(B). indiscretion: convention
(C). affliction: sympathy
(D). adventure: expedition
(E). drug: medicine


(A). generation : pyre
(B). burial : mortuary
(C). weapon : centurion
(D). massacre : invasion
(E). prediction : augury


(A). atlas : maps
(B). plain : praire
(C). string : beads
(D). novel : short stories
(E). sea : rivers


(A). extensive : duration
(B). arbitrary : courage
(C). impulsive : reflection
(D). distinguished : reverence
(E). expensive : cost

Answers --

31). Best answer is B -- to Y is to X aimlessly.
To doodle is to draw aimlessly and to ramble is to travel aimlessly.

32). Best answer is B -- X is failure to conform to Y

Overdose -- to take too much medication.
Prescription -- what the doctor tells you to take.
Indiscretion -- doing something foolish and embarassing.
Convention -- generally accepted standard of behaviour.

33). The best ans is E -- Y is one of the possible actions to perform X, or more simply, Y is a kind of X.
SACRIFICE ( the act of killing (an animal or person) in order to appease a deity) MAY be (not Necessarliy but could be) used as a part of WORSHIP ( to put more weight or momentum to the act of WORSHIPPING ). AUGURY which means, an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come, MAY BE (not Necessarily but could be) used as a factor of PREDICTION ( to put more weight or momentum to the act of PREDECTING).

34). Best ans is C -- X is a series of Y.
A range is a series of mountains, similarly a string is a series of beads.
35). Best ans is C -- X lacks Y.
Excessive is opposite to moderation, something that is not restrained or moderated. Simailary, impulsive actions lack reflection, done without really thinking much about it....reflection also means a careful thought.

Friday, October 06, 2006

Analogies 26 - 30


(A) iridescent: colorful
(B) perceptible: visible
(C) discordant: harmonious
(D) peoppery: salty
(E) deafening: loud


(A) publish: wisdom
(B) exhibit: inspection
(C) scrutinize: foresight
(D) authorize: approval
(E) declare: observation


(A). invert:logic

(B). substitute:replacement
(C). metamorphose:form
(D). intimate:implication
(E). deduce:reasoning


(A). inebriety : excess
(B). success : ambition
(C). indifference : passion
(D). taste : gusto
(E). smell : sense


(A). into: ultramarine
(B). onto : ultraist
(C). beyond : purple
(D). through : inferior
(E). under: infrared

Answers -

26). OA -- E. One meaning of "glaring" is uncomfortably "bright." A rationale for this analogy could be "Something described as X is so strongly Y as to uncomforable for people to perceive."

(A) is not the answer. "Iridescent" means producing a play of colors and does not imply strenght of color.
(B) is not the answer. To be "visible" is to be "perceptible" in a particular way. No difference in strength is implied.
(C) is not the answer. 'Discordant " and "harmonious" are opposites and so cannot be related to one another in the way described in the rationale. (D) is not the answer. 'Peppery " does not mean strongly "salty"
(E) is answer. Something properly described as "deafening " is so "loud" that it is uncomfortable for people to perceive it.

27). B is the correct answer.Bridge for this analogy is -- To X is to offer (to others) for Y.
To tender -- to offer for acceptance.
e.g - We tender money when we want to purchase something

Though the correct answer is B , I support C, B makes no sense to me.
transmigrate -- to change one state to another
metamorphose -- to change one form to another
substitute -- to change one replacement to a different one or a person or thing that replaces

Therefore do not see any reason for C being wrong and B being correct. Thus answer must be C

E is the right answer .
GRE TIP -- synonyms (or particularly GRE analogy synonyms) must be interchangeable in sentences..

30). The correct answer choice is E. Light of a frequency over what the human eye can see is ultraviolet. Light of a frequency under what the human eye can see is infrared.

Analogies 21 - 25


A). debutant : vague

B). monk : irreverent
C). activist : involved
D). adept : eager
E). musician : extended

22). CHAPTER : BOOK ::

A). alcove : nook
B). paragraph : sentence
C). page : rip
D). epistle : letter
E). room : house


A). valorous : regret
B). turgid : water
C). viscous : sickness
D). rigid : flexibility
E). shiny : flare


A). fee : post
B). bill : check
C). bail : bond
D). subscription : membership
E). fine : interest


A) election: voter
B) anthology: poet
C) cast: actor
D) orchestra: composer
E) convention: speaker

Answers -

21). The correct choice is answer C. A boor is someone who is uneducated. An activist is someone who is involved.

22). The correct choice is answer E. Chapters make up a book. Rooms make up a house.

23). The correct answer choice is D. Someone who is catatonic shows no emotions. Someone who is rigid lacks flexibility.

24). The correct answer choice is C. A stipend is tuition that one person pays for another. A bond is bail that one person pays for another.

25). OA -- C .A "choir" is a group of people that is composed of more than one "singer" Therefore and a rationale for this analogy might be "X (a choir) is a group of people that is composed of more than one Y (singer)."
(A) is not the answer. More than one "voter" participates in an election and but the "election" is not itself a group of people.

(B) is not the answer. An "anthology" is composed of works, not of persons. The "poet" or poets author the works.
(C) is the answer. The "cast" (of a play) is a group of people that is made up of more than one "actor."
(D) is not the answer. An "orchestra" is a group of people that is composed of more than one musician.It is not a group of composers.
(E) is not the answer. A "convention" may have more than one "speaker," but it is not necessarily made up of speakers.

Tuesday, October 03, 2006

Analogies 16 - 20


A). ineptitude : accountant
B). oratory : engineer
C). maverick : scientist
D). deduction : detective
E). solidarity : warrior


A). spectacular : legitimate
B). mundane : commonplace
C). magical : impressive
D). steep : shallow
E). lively : inactive


A). taxable : pay

B). attainable : commute
C). reparable : fix
D). inedible : eat
E). laughable : joke


A). magnanimous : generous
B). articulate : critical
C). petty : deceptive
D). diligent : precise
E). provocative : appealing


A). disconcerting : unsettling
B). ephemeral : fleeting
C). malevolent : kind
D). loquacious : talkative
E). obdurate : stubborn

Answers -

16). The correct answer choice is D. Rhetoric is a skill used by a lawyer. Deduction is a skill used by a detective.

17). The correct answer choice is B. Something vague is nebulous. Something mundane is commonplace.

18). The correct choice is answer C. Something that is potable is something one can drink, just as something that is reparable is something one can fix.

19). The best answer is A. The adjective "capricious" can be used to describe someone who is "impulsive." A general sentence that can be used to describe the analogy is: A "____" person is very "____." To find the answer to this question, look for an answer choice that contains two words that are synonyms. A "magnanimous" person is, by definition, "generous" (for example, with money, gifts, and so on). Although someone who is "articulate" could also be "critical," the words are not synonyms, so answer choice B is incorrect. Likewise, even though someone who is "petty" could also be "deceptive," a "petty" person is not always "deceptive," so answer choice C is incorrect. A "diligent" person is characterized by "carefulness" and "determination," but not necessarily "precision," so answer choice D is incorrect. A "provocative" person could be "appealing," but "provocative" means "tending to provoke or excite," and is not a synonym of "appealing," .

20). The best answer is C. "Utilitarian" is an adjective that is used to describe something that is "useful" and "practical." Conversely, the adjective "quixotic" means "idealistic" or "impractical." A general sentence that can be used to describe the analogy is: Something that is appropriately described as "____" cannot be "____." To answer this question, determine which of the answer choices contains two words that are antonyms. Something that is "malevolent" would never be described as "kind" because the two words are opposite in meaning; therefore, answer choice C is correct.