Monday, June 02, 2008

JUNE - High frequency words

JUNE THREAD - Updated regularly

Make sure to do all words from previous threads also...

Legerdemain - A show of skill or deceitful cleverness; the use of skillful tricks and deceptions to produce entertainingly baffling effects
Martinet - A strict disciplinarian, especially in the armed forces; one who demands absolute adherence to forms and rules
Pelf - Wealth or riches, especially when dishonestly acquired
Impecunious - Lacking money; penniless
Eulogy - A laudatory speech or written tribute, especially one praising someone who has died; high praise or commendation
Saga - Epic tale, long story; a long detailed report
Repugnant - Arousing disgust or aversion; offensive or repulsive; bad, obnoxious; hostile; offensive to the mind
8. Proffer - To offer for acceptance; tender; suggest, offer; to put before another for acceptance
9. Countenance - Appearance, especially the expression of the face; face or facial features; look or expression indicative of encouragement or of moral support; give sanction or support to; tolerate or approve; disposition of the facial features that conveys meaning, feeling, or mood
Placebo - A substance containing no medication and prescribed or given to reinforce a patient's expectation to get well; inactive substance or preparation used as a control in an experiment or test to determine the effectiveness of a medicinal drug; something of no intrinsic remedial value that is used to appease or reassure another; service or office of vespers for the dead
11. Excoriate - To tear or wear off the skin of; abrade; censure strongly; denounce; make (the skin) raw by or as if by friction; criticize harshly and devastatingly; criticize very severely
12. Burgeoning - To put forth new buds, leaves, or greenery; sprout; grow or develop rapidly; flourish
13. Inexplicable - Difficult or impossible to explain or account for; beyond comprehension, explanation; which cannot be explained or understood
Pedestrian - A person traveling on foot; a walker; lacking liveliness, charm, or surprise
Aggrievance - Oppression; hardship; injury; grievance; feeling distress or affliction; treated wrongly; offended; treated unjustly, as by denial of or infringement upon one's legal rights; very distressed; feeling burdened
16. Invigorating - Producing or stimulating physical, mental, or emotional vigor; stimulating; imparting strength and vitality
17. Panorama - An unbroken view of an entire surrounding area; comprehensive presentation; a survey; picture or series of pictures representing a continuous scene, often exhibited a part at a time by being unrolled and passed before the spectator; mental vision of a series of events; building containing an exhibit of an extended pictorial representation of landscape or some event of note; usually depicted of a large, wide area; clear and open view in all directions
Insalubrious - Not promoting health; unwholesome; not sustaining or promoting health; detrimental to health
19. Prate - To talk idly and at length; chatter; utter idly or to little purpose; empty, foolish, or trivial talk; talk long and foolishly; babble, blather; talk volubly, persistently, and usually inconsequentially
20. Dissolute - Lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices; immoral; Indulgent in vices
Sedulous - Persevering and constant in effort or application; assiduous; characterized by steady attention and effort; diligent
22. Agrarian - Relating to or concerning the land and its ownership, cultivation, and tenure; r to agricultural or rural matters; intended to further agricultural interests; person who favors equitable distribution of land
23. Affable - Easy and pleasant to speak to; approachable; g and gracious; friendly; c by kindness and warm, unaffected courtesy
24. Rant - To speak or write in an angry or violent manner; rave; utter or express with violence or extravagance; speak in a loud, pompous, or prolonged manner; pretentious, pompous speech or writing; yelling, raving; speech or piece of writing that incites anger or violence
Gregarious - Seeking and enjoying the company of others; sociable; polite, easygoing, and friendly
26. Pugnacious - Combative in nature; belligerent; having or showing an eagerness to fight
27. Pulchritude - Great physical beauty and appeal; physical beauty (especially of a woman)
28. Scission - The act of cutting or severing; division or fission; the act of dividing by cutting or splitting
29. Pulsatile - Undergoing pulsation; vibrating; characterized by a rhythmic pulsation
30. Arabesque - A ballet position in which the dancer bends forward while standing on one straight leg with the arm extended forward and the other arm and leg extended backward; complex, ornate design of intertwined floral, foliate, and geometric figures; ornate, whimsical composition especially for piano; intricate or elaborate pattern or design
31. Chip - A small broken or cut off piece, as of wood, stone, or glass; crack or flaw caused by the removal of a small piece; small disk or counter used in poker and other games to represent money
32. Crutch - A means or device that keeps something erect, stable, or secure; a support used under the arm by an injured person to help in walking; a staff or support used by the physically injured or disabled as an aid in walking, usually designed to fit under the armpit and often used in pairs
Debauchee - A person who habitually indulges in debauchery or dissipation; a libertine; a dissolute person; usually a man who is morally unrestrained
34. Puckish - Mischievous; impish; naughtily or annoyingly playful
Abrogate - To abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority; formally put an end to
36. Laconic - Using or marked by the use of few words; terse or concise; short, to the point
Taciturn - Disinclined to speak. or inclined to silence; untalkative
Flounder - To make clumsy attempts to move or regain one's balance
Resilience - The ability to recover quickly from illness, change, or misfortune; buoyancy; property of a material that enables it to resume its original shape or position after being bent, stretched, or compressed; elasticity; flexibility; strength of character
Erudition - Deep, extensive learning; higher education; known facts, ideas, and skill that have been imparted; extensive knowledge of literature, history and language
41. Hoary - Gray or white with or as if with age; covered with grayish hair or pubescence; old as to inspire veneration; ancient; elderly; trite
42. Iniquity - Gross immorality or injustice; wickedness; grossly immoral act; a sin; evil

43. Ponderous - Having great weight; unwieldy from weight or bulk; lacking grace or fluency; labored and dull; dreary, tedious; heavy, cumbersome
44. Extant - Still in existence; not destroyed, lost, or extinct; standing out; projecting; in existence; occurring or existing in act or fact: actual
Transient - Temporary, fleeting, or passing phenomenon. A transient condition is of brief duration; lasting or existing only for a short time; an individual awaiting orders, transport, etc., at a post or station to which he or she is not attached or assigned
46. Cession - A ceding or surrendering, as of territory to another country by treaty; something, such as territory, that is ceded; surrender of possessions or rights to others

47. Ambivalence - The coexistence of opposing attitudes or feelings, such as love and hate, toward a person, object, or idea; uncertainty or indecisiveness as to which course to follow; the state of having conflicting feelings
Pinnacle - A small turret or spire on a roof or buttress; tall pointed formation, such as a mountain peak; highest point; the culmination; top, crest
49. Abjectness - The state of being abject; abasement; meanness; servility
50. Recalcitrant - Marked by stubborn resistance to and defiance of authority or guidance; disobedient, uncontrollable; stubbornly defiant of authority; unruly

51. Rile - To stir to anger; to stir up (liquid); roil; to trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations; anger, upset; cause annoyance in; disturb, esp. by minor irritations; make turbid by stirring up the sediments of
52. Addendum - Something added or to be added, especially a supplement to a book; something included at a later date

53. Glimmer - A dim or intermittent flicker or flash of light; faint manifestation or indication; a trace; emit a dim or intermittent light; appear faintly or indistinctly
54. Omnipotent - Having unlimited or universal power, authority, or force; all-powerful; one having unlimited power or authority; all-powerful
Irk - To be irritating, wearisome, or vexing to
Waffle - To speak, write, or act evasively about; light crisp battercake baked between two heated surfaces
57. Roil - To make (a liquid) muddy or cloudy by stirring up sediment; displease or disturb; vex; be in a state of turbulence or agitation; make turbid by stirring up the sediments of
58. Prevaricator - A sham dealer; one who colludes with a defendant in a sham prosecution; one who betrays or abuses a trust; person who has lied or who lies repeatedly
59. Exalt - To raise in rank, character, or status; elevate; glorify, praise, or honor; increase the effect or intensity of; heighten; fill with sublime emotion; elate; promote, praise
60. Vicissitude - A change or variation. The quality of being changeable; mutability
Philanthropist - One who practices philanthropy; one who loves mankind, and seeks to promote the good of others; rich (and usually bald) old gentleman who has trained himself to grin while his conscience is picking his pocket
62. Paean - A song of joyful praise or exultation; fervent expression of joy or praise; ancient Greek hymn of thanksgiving or invocation, especially to Apollo; song of triumph, praise, or joy
63. Puissant - Having or able to exert great power; having great physical strength; (archaic) powerful
64. Cacophonous - Having a harsh, unpleasant sound; discordant; characterized by unpleasant discordance of sound; harsh sounding
65. Downpour - A heavy fall of rain; abundant, usually overwhelming flow or fall, as of a river or rain: alluvion, cataclysm; tremendous pouring of rain


1. saga:poem
2. date:calender
3. crutch:walk
4. exculpate:absolve
5. chip:stone
6. glimmer:light
7. addendum:document
8. downpour:flood
9. chip:stone
10. hoary:old
11. convoluted:complexity
12. mine:ore
13. chatter:speaking
cacophonous: harmony


Creating an appealing image has become more important in contemporary society than is the reality or truth behind that image
2. I
n order to improve the quality of instruction at the college and university level, all faculty should be required to spend time working outside the academic world in professions relevant to the courses they teach
3. High-speed electronic communications media, such as electronic mail and television, tend to prevent meaningful and thoughtful communication
4. In this age of intensive media coverage, it is no longer possible for a society to regard any woman or man as a hero. The reputation of anyone who is subjected to media scrutiny will eventually be diminished
5. Facts are stubborn things. They cannot be altered by our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passions
6. Colleges and universities should offer more courses on popular music, film, advertising, and television because contemporary culture has much greater relevance for students than do arts and literature of the past
7. People who are the most deeply committed to an idea or policy are the most critical of it
8. People have been so encouraged by society to focus on apparent differences that they fail to see meaningful similarities among ideas, individuals, and groups
Humanity has made little real progress over the past century or so. Technological innovations have taken place, but the overall condition of humanity is no better. War, violence, and poverty are still with us. Technology cannot change the condition of humanity
No matter what the situation, it is more harmful to compromise one's beliefs than to adhere to them
11. Students should memorize facts only after they have studied the ideas, trends, and concepts that help explain those facts. Students who have learned only facts have learned very little
12. The primary goal of technological advancement should be to increase people's efficiency so that everyone has more leisure time
13. Humanity has made little real progress over the past century or so. Technological innovations have taken place, but the overall condition of humanity is no better. War, violence, and poverty are still with us. Technology cannot change the condition of humanity
14. Technologies not only influence but actually determine social customs and ethics


1. The following appeared in a proposal from the economic minister of the country of Paraterra.

"In order to strengthen its lagging economy, last year the government of the nearby country of Bellegea began an advertising campaign to promote ecologically sound tourism (ecotourism). This year, the number of foreign visitors arriving at Bellegea's main airport doubled, and per capita income in Bellegea increased by ten percent. To provide more income for the population of Paraterra and also preserve the natural environment of our tiny country, we too should begin to promote ecotourism. To ensure that our advertising campaign is successful, we should hire the current director of Bellegea's National Tourism Office as a consultant for the campaign."

The following appeared in the editorial section of a health and fitness magazine.

"In a study of the effects of exercise on longevity, medical researchers tracked 500 middle-aged men over a 20-year period. The subjects represented a variety of occupations in several different parts of the country and responded to an annual survey in which they were asked: How often and how strenuously do you exercise? Of those who responded, the men who reported that they engaged in vigorous outdoor exercise nearly every day lived longer than the men who reported that they exercised mildly only once or twice a week. Given the clear link that this study establishes between longevity and exercise, doctors should not recommend moderate exercise to their patients but should instead encourage vigorous outdoor exercise on a daily basis."

The following appeared in a medical newsletter.

"Doctors have long suspected that secondary infections may keep some patients from healing quickly after severe muscle strain. This hypothesis has now been proved by preliminary results of a study of two groups of patients. The first group of patients, all being treated for muscle injuries by Dr. Newland, a doctor who specializes in sports medicine, took antibiotics regularly throughout their treatment. Their recuperation time was, on average, 40 percent quicker than typically expected. Patients in the second group, all being treated by Dr. Alton, a general physician, were given sugar pills, although the patients believed they were taking antibiotics. Their average recuperation time was not significantly reduced. Therefore, all patients who are diagnosed with muscle strain would be well advised to take antibiotics as part of their treatment. "

4. The following appeared in a newsletter about health published in the country of Sauria.

"According to Sauria's leading nutritional experts, a diet high in complex carbohydrates, and low in fat is optimal for good health and longevity. Because this was the diet of the people who lived in ancient Sauria, one would expect them to have had long and healthy lives. Yet the mummified remains of Sauria's ruling classes from two to three thousand years ago show the existence of many medical problems among the ancient Saurians, including dental problems, elevated blood pressure, obesity, heart disease, and early mortality. Clearly, the diet of the ancient Saurians was responsible for these problems. The high incidence of high blood pressure, obesity, and heart disease in Sauria today even among those who have tried low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets further proves that Sauria's leading nutritional experts are wrong."